Search Results

With the exceptions of funding amounts and numbers of youth, all information is provided by the state.

StateEligibility Statement
Alabama (AL)

All youth who are expected to be in foster care as of their 18th birthday are eligible for independent living services. This decision is made on a case-by-case basis by the child and family planning team.

Alaska (AK)

Independent living funds are available to youth currently in Office of Children's Services (OCS) foster care and former foster youth who were in OCS custody on or after their 16th birthday (and in out-of-home care for six consecutive months) and are not yet 21.

Arizona (AZ)

Current foster youth age 13-21. Former foster youth who were in a state or tribal foster care program at age 16 or older.

Arkansas (AR)
  • Foster care youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-one (14-21) participating in high school, secondary school, or an equivalent technical program.
  • Former foster care youth up to the age of twenty-one (21) are eligible for post-discharge services (after-care) if the youth was in foster care on his or her eighteenth (18th) birthday. Post-discharge services may include additional life-skills training.  Also job search assistance, housing search assistance, community involvement, and board assistance may be provided, as funds are available.
  • Foster teens, ages 14-15, are provided appropriate life skills training and other services based on evaluations and assessments.
California (CA)

Youth who are eligible for ILP are between 16 years of age up to the day before their 21st birthday, and either are currently in foster care or were in foster care on or after their 16th birthday.

Colorado (CO)
  • Youth in out-of-home care under the age of 16, who have current permanency goal of other planned permanent living arrangement through relative and non-relative care.
  • Youth in out-of-home care, age 16-21, with permanency goal of other planned permanent living arrangement through emancipation.
  • Youth in out-of-home care, age 16-21, with goal of other planned permanent living arrangement through relative and non-relative care.
  • Young adults, age 18-21, who were in out-of-home care on their 18th birthday.
Connecticut (CT)

Any youth age 14 and up in the care of the Department are eligible for Chafee benefits.

Delaware (DE)

Any youth age 14 and up in the care of the Department are eligible for Chafee benefits.

District of Columbia (DC)

All youth in foster care, ages 15-21 years old. Youth between the ages of 18 and 21 who exited foster care prior to their 21st birthday also qualify for Chafee Services.

Florida (FL)

Foster care youth ages 13 to 21 and youth between the ages of 18 and 21 who exited foster care prior to their 21st birthday are eligible to receive services. Young adults ages 21 and 22 are provided services through state funds and ETV.

Georgia (GA)

Youth, ages 14-21, who are presently in foster care or who were formerly in foster care and eligible for ILP services when custody was terminated.

Hawaii (HI)

This criteria builds upon the existing eligibility criteria in CWS procedures for youth age 12 and older under CWS placement responsibility, and serves to bridge/link eligibility for IL services for former foster youth to eligibility for higher education board payments and continued permanency assistance payments for higher education. The criteria now also allows former foster youth who aged out of foster care under CWS placement responsibility and who opt not to receive state-funded higher education board payment benefits to also receive time-limited help as they pursue their independent living and employment goals.

Idaho (ID)

A youth must be, or have been, the responsibility of the State or Indian tribe either through a court order or voluntary placement agreement with the child’s family. Only youth between the ages of 15-21 years are eligible for services and use of funds through the independent living program. Youth must have resided in an eligible placement setting for 90 cumulative days.

Illinois (IL)

Youth in foster care ages 14-21. Youth with closed cases between the ages of 18 and 21 are eligible for the Youth Housing Assistance Program.

Indiana (IN)

The Indiana Chafee Foster Care Independence Program encompasses planning and services for all wards 16 through 21 years of age. The initiative also includes youth between 18 and 21 who were formerly in foster care for at least six months after the age of 16 who meet the eligibility criteria and were a ward of another state with verification through an Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children from the state of jurisdiction.

Iowa (IA)

Information is currently unavailable.

Kansas (KS)

Youth in out of home placement for any length of time on or after their 15th birthday up until 21 years of age.

Kentucky (KY)

Youth in out-of-home placement, ages 15-21.

Louisiana (LA)

Office of Community Services, Office of Juvenile Justice and tribal custody

  • Youth 14 - 18 are eligible, who are in out-of-home placements.
  • Youth 16 - 18 who are in kinship care, out-of-home placements or adopted.
  • Youth 18 - 21 who voluntarily remain ‘in care’ who were in care any 9 months from the ages of 16 - 18.
Maine (ME)

Information is currently unavailable.

Maryland (MD)

Youth ages 14 up to their 21st birthday that reside in Out-of-Home Care/Placement are eligible for services. Also, youth that exited care after their 18th birthday up to their 21st birthday are eligible for After Care Services. Maryland also has Extended Aftercare Services which allows a youth who left care after their 18th birthday, but prior to age 21, to re-enter the system for the purpose of the local department funding an approved living arrangement.

Massachusetts (MA)

Foster youth ages 14-21 who may not return home.

Michigan (MI)

All youth in foster care age 14 until age 21.Youth eligible for YIT funded services include:

  • Young adults (age 14 to age 21) who are or have been (on or after their 14th birthday) in a foster care placement based on abuse or neglect through the State of Michigan (open or closed foster care cases).
  • Foster care means 24-hour substitute care for children placed away from their parents or guardians and for whom the state agency has placement and care responsibility. This includes, but is not limited to, placements in foster family homes, kinship placements, group homes, emergency shelters, residential facilities, childcare institutions and pre-adoptive placements.
  • Regardless of meeting other eligibility criteria, no youth is eligible for YIT funded services while (s)he is in a detention facility or other state operated facilities.
  • The eligibility criteria have recently been expanded to include tribal youth who were supervised by the tribe from the time of removal.
Minnesota (MN)

Youth ages 14 to 21, who currently are in out-of-home care, approved by a county social service agency, juvenile or tribal court, and are expected to age out of care. Also, youth up to age 21 who have already aged out of care.

Mississippi (MS)

Youth between the ages of 14 and 21 who are in foster care.

Missouri (MO)

CFCIP services are for youth ages 14 to 21 in the custody of the Children’s Division, or who have exited custody at age 17.5 or older and are not yet 21, as well as for those youth who, after the age of 16, exited custody due to the youth’s placement in kinship guardianship or adoption: http://dss.mo.gov/cd/chafee/

Montana (MT)

All youth in State, Tribal or BIA custody ages 16 and over. Youth who have exited care at age 18 or had a guardianship or adoption after age 16.

Nebraska (NE)

Information is currently unavailable.

Nevada (NV)

All youth in foster care age 15 until age 21.

New Hampshire (NH)
  1. Youth age 14 or 15 in DCYF guardianship or age 16-20 in DCYF out of home placement
  2. Youth age 16-20 in NH Division for Juvenile Justice (DJJS) out of home placement who are
    1. Currently or formerly in DJJS foster care (includes foster homes, group and residential facilities). and
    2. Currently or formerly title IVE eligible at some point during their most recent DJJS case.
  3. Young adults meeting the criteria of #1 or #2 above who were in DCYF or DJJS out of home placement on or after their 18th birthday (17th birthday for juvenile delinquents).
New Jersey (NJ)

Youth ages 15 - 21 living in a DYFS funded placement

New Mexico (NM)

The Youth Services Bureau provides services to youth who emancipate from the foster care system at age 18 and those who were adopted after the age of 16. This includes youth who emancipate from the foster care system of any of the 22 New Mexico tribes and pueblos or who were adopted from tribal social services after the age of 16.

New York (NY)

Beginning at age 14 all youth in foster care, regardless of permanency planning goal, are required to receive life skills training. IL Stipends are required for youth over the age of 16 with a goal of independent living. Aftercare Services are provided to former foster care youth between the ages of 18 and 21 years and include financial, housing, counseling, employment, education and other appropriate support and services. Aftercare services are required for any youth over the age of 16 who is discharged to Independent Living through a trial discharge period. Trial discharge is required for every child discharged to independent living. Custody of the youth is retained for at least six months and certain requirements for casework contacts and service provision apply. The trial discharge period may continue until a youth reaches the age of 21. If a youth loses housing during the period of trial discharge, the social services district must assist the youth to find other appropriate housing or replace the youth in a foster care setting, if necessary. In addition, when custody ceases, the social services district must maintain supervision of the youth until the youth is 21 years of age. Supervision includes casework contacts, referral to needed services, including income and housing services, with sufficient follow-up so that the youth has begun to receive the necessary services.

North Carolina (NC)

Youth who are, or were, in foster care as teens and who are currently 13 to 21 are eligible for LINKS services.

North Dakota (ND)

Youth age 16-21 years of age who have been identified as likely to age out of foster care (Priority 1). However, in more rural communities foster care youth ages 14-15 can be Chafee IL participants with no funding to support their needs until age 16 (Priority 2). In addition, those eligible for the ETV Program are eligible until their 23rd birthday, providing they were participating in the ETV program prior to their 21st birthday.

Ohio (OH)

Former foster youth ages 18-21 and youth 16-18 that are in custody receiving independent living services

Oklahoma (OK)

Youth in OKDHS or Tribal custody:

  • Ages 16 and 17 in out of home placement;
  • Ages 16-21 who exited to guardianship or adoption on or after their 16th birthday;
  • Ages 18-21 who exited care on or after their 18th birthday; and
  • Ages 21-23 who are participated in the Education and Training Voucher program and making satisfactory progress at age 21.
Oregon (OR)
  • Youth, fourteen (14) years of age and older who are currently in foster care with Oregon DHS or one of the nine Federally Recognized Tribes in Oregon; or
  • Youth who were previously in foster care with Oregon DHS or one of the nine Federally Recognized Tribes in Oregon, after the age of sixteen and who remained in foster care for an accumulative 180 days or longer since the age of 14.

If a youth met the criteria, they could be eligible for services to age 21.

Pennsylvania (PA)

To be eligible for services funded with Title IV-E IL grant funds, a youth must:

  • be at least 16 years old but less than 21 years old at the beginning of the state fiscal year;
  • be in, or have been in, out-of-home placement on or after age 16 (non-Title IV-E eligible youth may receive services through this funding source); and
  • have been adjudicated dependent; or
  • have been dually adjudicated dependent AND delinquent; or
  • have been adjudicated delinquent with shared case management responsibility between the county children and youth agency and the juvenile probation office.
Puerto Rico (PR)

Information is currently unavailable.

Rhode Island (RI)

Youth in out of home care age 16 or older and youth who have aged out of care up until their 21st birthday.

South Carolina (SC)

Any youth in foster care, ages 13 - 21, and any youth who was in foster care at age 18 and is not yet 21, is eligible for services.

South Dakota (SD)

Eligible youth in South Dakota are those in the custody of South Dakota, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Tribes, Casey and/or other placement agencies. Graduated services begin at age 14 and include youth likely to remain in foster care until age 18 and youth up to the age of 21. Native American youth are involved in all aspects of the state program. Independent Living Services and classes are also available to youth on reservations and individual communities.

Tennessee (TN)

14-21 year olds with the goal of a permanent living arrangement.

Texas (TX)

Youth ages 14 - 20, with emphasis on youth 16 through 20 years of age, that are in out-of-home care are eligible. Youth in out-of-home care on their 18th birthday are eligible for services until the age of 21, and up to 23 years of age in some cases to complete their education.

Utah (UT)

All youth 14 and over who have 12 months or more of transition to adult living services. Youth in out-of-home care on their 18th birthday are eligible for services until age 21.

Vermont (VT)

Information is currently unavailable.

Virginia (VA)

Information is currently unavailable.

Washington (WA)

Information is currently unavailable.

West Virginia (WV)

Individuals that are or were in the custody of the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources on or after their 18th birthday and that are or were living in a foster care home or a group residential treatment facility on or after their 18th birthday.

Wisconsin (WI)

Program eligibility guidelines target youth aged 15-21 who have been in out-of-home care placement (e.g., foster home, group home, residential care center, or court- ordered Kinship Care) at least six months after the age of 15 years or older or adopted after the age of 15. Eligibility for Independent Living services ends when the youth turns 21 years of age.

Wyoming (WY)

Youth ages 14-21 in state custody are eligible to receive assessment and training services. Chafee funds are eligible for any youth who age out of foster care after their 18th birthday.